Farman F.40 "Horace"

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Farman F.40 "Horace"

Message  Lewie le Lun 2 Jan 2012 - 19:50

Please excuse this Google translation, but I hope it gives an adequate description and history of the Farman F40, which I had previously made for FMS.



The Farman F 40;

One of the most common of the French two seat observation aircraft used during the 1916 to 1917 period of First World War was the Farman F40. Not without it's own limitations and much like the Royal Air Factory BE2c, it has been used so far past its effective life as to be extremely obsoloescent before being retired from frront line service. Some of the French Escadrilles flying it were overflying enemy airspace until late in the spring of 1917, during the period known as "Bloody April" when the German Jastas were ascendent in their air offensive, This was the time when the Albatros DII and DIII took a heavy toll on Allied air squadrons. Especially ones flying older aircraft.

Un des avions d'observation bi-place français le plus commun utilisé durant la période 1916 à 1917 était le Farman F40. Malgré ses limitations et bien plus que le Royal Air Factory BE2c, le F40 a été utilisé bien au-delà de sa durée de vie théorique et était devenu très obsolète au moment où il a été retiré du service actif. Quelques escadrilles françaises qui volaient dessus ont survolé l'espace aérien ennemi jusqu'à la fin du printemps 1917, durant la période connue sous le nom de "Bloody April" (Avril sanglant) où l'escadron allemand appelé "Jastas" (abbréviation de Jagdstaffeln) prenait le dessus. C'était également durant cette période que les ALbatros DII et DIII prélevaient un lourd tribut sur les escadres alliées, et plus particulièrement sur celles volant sur des avions dépassés.


The F40 was one of the last designs of the Farman pusher or 'lattice tail', powered with the somewhat obsolescent air cooled Renault V8 and V12 in the back of the fuselage nacelle. The F40 was known for it's spectacular flammability when attacked from behind, Oswald Boelcke commenting that the F40 caught fire so easily. One of the reasons why the AR1 Dorand was quickly sought to replace the F40, and these poor souls assigned to squadrons equipped with Farman welomed this change, despite the obsolescence of Dorand.


Le F40 était le dernier avion conçu par Farman avec une hélice propulsive et équipé du moteur à refroidissement à air Renault V8 et V12 obsolète pour l'époque situé à l'arrière de la nacelle.
Le F40 était d'ailleurs connu pour son principal défaut qui était de pouvoir s'enflammer de manière spectaculaire lorsqu'il était attaqué par l'arrière tel que l'a rapporté Oswald Boelcke (pilote allemand, as de la première guerre mondiale). C'est une des raisons pour lesquelles le Dorand AR1 a été très rapidement pressenti pour remplacer le F40, et les pauvres pilotes désabusés des escadres encore équipées de F40 ont salué ce changement, malgré l'obsolescence du Dorand.


But there a few of the famous French bomber squadrons that flew the F40 and M11 in 1916 and 1917, out of Alsace. One of which was Captain Happe's Escadrille 25, which was so effective in night bombing raids on the Rhine that the German Air Command had a premium of 50,000 marks on his head. The aircraft Happe's forces used were the MF "Shorthorn" refurbished with 160 horsepower Unne Canton radial and the F40 with the Renault V12. With these two bombers and the badly designed and obolescent Breguet Michelin IV, Happe Bomber Group 12, was joined by the British RNAS 3 Sopwith Strutters and the Escadrille Americaine flying the Neiuport 11 as escort fighters, all flew in greatest day bombing raid of 1916. The bombing of the Mauser arms factory in Obendorf. Despite the raid being a success the French High Command relieved Happe his command of Esc 25, citing the loss of nearly half of the French flight, depsite difficult odds and encountering numerous German Eindekkers from both Colmar and Habshiem on the return trip.


Dernière édition par cbz-026 le Mar 3 Jan 2012 - 23:30, édité 3 fois (Raison : retranslated.)

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Re: Farman F.40 "Horace"

Message  cbz-026 le Lun 2 Jan 2012 - 20:38

Hi Lewie,

thank you a lot for your contribution about that aircraft, a french aircraft ! Did you create the 3D model ?

Somehow, I guess you should forget about Google translation as the result is... not really comprehensible Crying or Very sad
I suggest you to write your post in english, since many people here will have a better understanding of the original english text than the french text as a result of an automatic translation. And then, it will ease a translation in french by a member of the forum if someone has few minutes for that (and I am sure there will be some people ready to do that). It will produce a higher quality translation.

If you could please modify your original post and place the original english text Very Happy it would be great.

I or another one will translate it.

Regards,

Charles


PS: do not hesitate to make some corrections to my post if you see some mistakes, my english is not perfect.


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Farman F.40 "Horace"

Message  Lewie le Lun 2 Jan 2012 - 21:38

Thank you Charles, I had thought wrongly that Google had improved their Translate function, sadly no. The meaning of the story is there but when translated back from French it suffers from gibberish. Embarassed

The excerpts I posted are from R. Mason's 'The Lafayette Escadrille', in particular their exploits when based at Luxiuel les Bains and their escort of Happe's Oct 1916 bombing raid flown over the Vosges and the Black forest to Obendorf. It was an epic flight considering the limitations of the aircraft involved. Yes the Farman is my own 3D work, originally for TargetWare, I have a SPAD XI and a HF Farman .20, I also have a Sopwith Strutter in French livery already uploaded to FG but it is very primitive, needs a cockpit and better detailed engine.

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Re: Farman F.40 "Horace"

Message  cbz-026 le Mar 3 Jan 2012 - 23:37

Translation in progress...

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Re: Farman F.40 "Horace"

Message  Lewie le Jeu 5 Jan 2012 - 19:33

Thank you again Charles. I should add that the story is paraphrased from my last read of Mason's book.

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